For the visitor today, there are two entrances to the site, one upper and
one lower. As it is slightly downhill, it is a better idea to start from the
upper gate. There are no shopping facilities nor toilets inside the site and
that is why in summer months it is strongly recommended that the visitor
bring drinking water and wear comfortable shoes as well as a hat.
eastern end of the city, it is possible to see the remains of the Magnesian
Gate before coming to today’s entrance. This gate was the point of departure
of roads which connected Ephesus with Magnesia and Miletus. After entering
the site from the upper gate, at the far right end there is the Bath of
Varius, a 2C AD Roman bath complex.
Temple of Artemis, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world, was in
*There are visible ruins of a library dedicated to Celsus Polemeanus
which housed between 12,000-15,000 scrolls.
*Ephesus was a coastal city with a population of 1/4 million. Ephesus
became the second largest city of the Roman Empire.
*Ephesus was founded between 1500-1000 B.C.
*Ephesus was destroyed by an earthquke
*A great city for pagans and Christians, Ephesus contained the normal
trappings of Roman and Greek cities, including a theater, odeon, state
agora, public toilets, and monuments to the emperors.
*Ephesus was an important enough city for early Christianity, that
the third ecumenical council was held there in A.D.